How do I licence a firearm? A step-by-step guide.

A very frequently asked question on firearm web forums and social media groups is how to licence your first firearm. It is a very intimidating concept for the uninitiated newbie, and there are plenty of misinformed opinions (and outright lies) circulating out there that serve to muddy the waters in no small way. I hope with this simplified little guide to clear a few things up, and so make the process a little less scary and a lot easier.